Glyph of the word 'ka'.


  • (part.) marks the past tense (as well as a switch in subject, if no other marker is present)

Ka liki ei i iko kau.
“I have laid claim to this.”


Keli loves all boxes, of course, but she really likes boxes like this:

Keli in a box.

The iku above combines with other subject status iku like ae and e. As for function, today it marks the simple past tense, but it’s also developing into an anterior. There used to just be an imperfect/perfect distinction in Kamakawi (this being the perfect), but that developed into a tense distinction, as it often does.

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2 Responses to “Ka”

  1. Ka kavaka wm.annis ti:

    One of your future example sentences should be, “those ears make me nervous.”

  2. Ka kavaka David J. Peterson ti:

    HA! So you noticed that! Yeah, that’s what she does with her ears when she thinks I’m about to scoop her up. She relaxed them when she saw I was reaching for my camera (which she likes).

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