Glyph of the word 'po'. and Glyph of the word 'po'.


  • (syl.) glyph for the syllable po in the Kamakawi syllabary
  • (n.) outside (i.e. the outside of something)
  • (prep.) outside (of)
  • (v.) to be outside of
  • (pref.) genitive prefix used between humans that bear a professional relationship (for more information, see the section on Kamakawi pronouns)
  • (pref.) from (used to indicate where one is from [e.g. one’s place of origin])
  • (pref.) with respect to, regarding, as for, for, in the opinion of, about, concerning
  • (pref.) particle used in quantifying expressions (e.g. modifies “apples” in “How many apples are there?”)
  • (pref.) individuative marker (e.g. serves as the word “of” in “I’ve eaten four of the five apples”)
  • (part.) marks the beginning of a relative clause

A po ei ie pale pokau mata’u ti eya kipe.
“I’m outside the house we saw yesterday.”

Notes: Yes, this one is an ikuiku, too. The idea is you have some sort of enclosure (the three-sided box), and the stroke is outside that box. There are several structural iku that are built using this three-sided box as an edifice or enclosure. I believe this is the first we’ve come across. There will be more in the future.

The determined iku is used most consistently when po is being used as a noun. It’s also seen when it’s used as a verb, but not consistently. The rest of the time the iku is undetermined.

I realize this word is busy, but that’s just the way it ended up. It bears a large functional load, and has proved very useful to me over the years. It’s a small little word, but I like it.

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